Forensic science is a complex field and thus contains all aspects of science that can assist in a criminal investigation. While we have created five major categories to organize this site, there are fields within forensic science that do not fit into these categories or may fit into several categories, such as questioned document examination, bite mark analysis/odontology, crime scene investigation, and microbiomes. For example, microbiome systems are communities of microorganisms (e.g. bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc.) that inhabit a particular environment, such as the human skin. Microbiome analysis is a relatively new and complex area in forensic science that includes decomposing human remains, soil analysis, and areas of the human body.1 Therefore, this miscellaneous section will discuss new topics that are receiving attention within forensic science that has not been discussed elsewhere in addition to more non- traditional areas of forensic science.


1. “Forensic Applications of Microbiomes.” National Institute of Justice. http://www.nij.gov/topics/forensics/evidence/Pages/microbiome.aspx (Accessed July 15, 2016).


Cognitive Bias: Litigation the Issue in Post-Conviction

Copyright , Public Defender, Ninth Judicial Circuit. The material found on this web site is for informational purposes only. It should not be considered to be legal advice and is not guaranteed to be complete or up to date. Use of this web site is not intended to create, nor constitute, an attorney-client relationship. Readers should not rely upon or act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.